The ancient Ayurvedic texts have stated that Navjata Shishu Paricharya, or new-born care begins from the birth of the child. It focuses on stabilising the health condition of the infant. This includes the prevention of asphyxia, hypothermia, early grooming-in and initiation of breast-feeding.
The development of the baby’s nervous system is one of the most crucial aspects of their well-being. Here, we hope to give you an insight into the growth of your baby’s brain.
Understanding the anatomy
The skull of a baby consists of five main bones: two frontal bones, two parietal bones, and one occipital bone. These are joined by fibrous sutures, which allow movement that facilitates childbirth and brain growth.
Posterior fontanelle resembles a triangle. It lies at the junction between the sagittal suture and lambdoid suture. At birth, the skull features a small posterior fontanelle with an open area covered by a tough membrane, where the two parietal bones adjoin the occipital bone (at the lambda). The posterior fontanelles ossify within 6-8 months after birth. This is called intramembranous ossification. The mesenchymal connective tissue turns into bone tissue.
Anterior fontanelle is a diamond-shaped membrane-filled space located between the two frontal and two parietal bones of the developing fetal skull. It persists until approximately 18 months after birth. It is at the junction of the coronal suture and sagittal suture. The fetal anterior fontanelle may be palpated until 18 months. In cleidocranial dysostosis, however, it is often late in closing at 8-24 months or may never close. Examination of an infant includes palpating the anterior fontanelle.
Two smaller fontanelles are located on each side of the head, more anteriorly the sphenoidal or anterolateral fontanelle (between the sphenoid, parietal, temporal, and frontal bones) and more posteriorly the mastoid or posterolateral fontanelle (between the temporal, occipital, and parietal bones).
Human beings have the following sequence of fontanelle closure:
The posterior fontanelle generally closes 2 to 3 months after birth; the sphenoidal fontanelle closes around 6 months after birth; the mastoid fontanelle closes next from 6 to 18 months after birth; and the anterior fontanelle is generally the last to close between 10–24 months.
At the time of birth, the fontanelles allow the bony plates of the skull to flex. This enables the child’s head to pass through the birth canal. The ossification of the bones of the skull causes the anterior fontanelle to close between the nine months and 18 months. The ‘soft spot,’ also called the fontanel, is one of several gaps between the bones of the skull. It not only allows the skull to expand, but also are produces a new bone which develops at various stages. The gaps are arranged along the skull in a functional pattern that allows the brain to grow symmetrically. The fontanels are surprisingly tough. Pulsing will stop when the skull bones fuse (i.e four to eight weeks for the one in the back, and nine months to two years for the soft spot on top). The fontanel in the back of the head usually disappears by one to two months of age. You may never be able to feel or see this one. The one on the top of the head remains present until your baby is between seven and 19 months old. A baby’s soft spots should be relatively firm and curve ever so slightly inward.
Ayurvedic texts elaborate on procedures for neural and brain development right from the child’s foetal stage.
The monthly regime of milk decoctions and ghee preparations advised to the pregnant mother is meant, particularly, for the brain and nervous development.
Bala or Sida cordifolia,an important constituent in the milk decoction, helps to develop the brain and increase the neural synapses which help in improving the child’s cognitive and responsive abilities.
Post delivery child care
Experts have suggested a few supplements that could be given to babies when they do not consume enough breastmilk. These could be given by the mother during the first three days post the birth of her child.
After cleaning the child off its vernix caseosa and aspirating the meconium, a cloth dipped in oil (medicated gingelly oil) is kept in the bregma portion as a lubricant to the trauma that would have occurred to the bones of the skull while passing through the birth canal.
Next, a pinch of a mixture made from brahmi, sankhapushpi, vacha along with ghee and honey (no specific measurement) are given to the child. Two similar recipes with gold, vacha, brahmi, kushta, abhaya with honey and ghee; and another with gooseberry and gold with honey and ghee havealso could also be administered.
Herbs, like Brahmi, have an adaptogenic and neurotonic effect. Shankapushpi is a nervine stimulant and has a calming effect while vacha (aconite) increases the cerebral circulation, gooseberry enhances memory and brain cell regeneration.
Gold (in its pure form) is a nervine tonic and enhances memory as well as intelligence. The medication helps to prevent epilepsy and hysteric conditions that are common among babies that are prone fever, excessive traveling, or are compelled to get accustomed to extreme weather changes.
The honey and ghee act like ‘natural’ vaccinations. This is because the pollen extracts in honey prove as an immunomodulator.
A few more alternatives
A monthly regime of one of the herbs mentioned below; with honey and ghee; also help increasing the brain neural networking and thus raising the baby’s intelligence levels.
The herbs are brahmi , mandukaparni, triphala, citraka, vacha, satapushpa, danti, nagabala and trivrt.
Each herb can be administered for one month at a time.
Abhayaghrtha has been prescribed for babies post four months of age. This helps to prevent epileptic attack. It also helps to capacitate the growth of the brain and keep it calm.
This is important for a child who is exposed to a lot of new stimulations triggered from the six sense organs and the mind.
Samavardhana ghrtha is prescribed for children above four-months-old. It helps to develop the frontal, parietal and occipital lobes thus helping the child attain dfferent milestones of crawling and walking earlier and with ease.
Originally posted 2019-01-06 10:12:10.